The two-day trip is Blinken’s fourth visit to Ukraine since Russia’s invasion started in February 2022 and his sixth since taking office. He is expected to announce more than $1 billion in new U.S. funding for Ukraine as Kyiv pleads for more economic and military assistance.
“We want to make sure that Ukraine has what it needs, not only to succeed in the counteroffensive, but has what it needs for the long term, to make sure that it has a strong deterrent,” Blinken said as he met with Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba at the ministry in Kyiv.
“We’re also determined to continue to work with our partners as they build and rebuild a strong economy, strong democracy,” Blinken said.
Blinken arrived Wednesday morning, meeting first with U.S. diplomats and personnel at the American embassy in Kyiv. Afterward, he laid a wreath at Berkovetske cemetery to commemorate fallen Ukrainian soldiers.
He was also scheduled to hold a roundtable with civil society organizations to discuss anti-corruption efforts.
Blinken’s event on anti-corruption is probably aimed at signaling that the Biden administration takes government malfeasance seriously while maintaining its confidence in Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, who announced on Sunday his decision to replace Defense Minister Oleksii Reznikov with Rustem Umerov, head of Ukraine’s State Property Fund.
Reznikov’s ouster comes amid a series of corruption controversies within the Defense Ministry related to the bribery of recruitment officers, and overpayment for food and other military supplies. Reznikov has not been charged or directly implicated in any of the scandals, and there is speculation in Kyiv that he will get another prominent post, perhaps as ambassador to the United Kingdom.
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Zelensky has previously taken heavily publicized steps to showcase his resolve in fighting corruption before the arrival of prominent international visitors, as he did in February before a high-stakes meeting in Kyiv with European Union leaders.
Hours before Blinken’s arrival, Russia launched a missile assault on the Ukrainian capital, during which the sound of explosions could be heard throughout the city. The head of Kyiv’s military administration Serhiy Popko said Russian forces fired cruise missiles and possibly ballistic missiles, but that all were all intercepted by air defenses.
Ukrainian officials said the region around the southern port of Odessa, where much of Ukraine’s grain export infrastructure is based, was also targeted in the early morning attack.
Blinken arrived in the capital as Ukrainian troops are engaged in a difficult offensive to reclaim occupied areas in the country’s south, where Russian forces prepared for the attack by establishing heavily fortified defensive positions and mining huge swaths of territory. Those obstacles have proved extremely formidable.
A primary goal of the counteroffensive, which began in early June, is to push south and sever Russia’s “land bridge” to Crimea, a vital passageway that allows the Kremlin to supply its invading forces and that creates a protective buffer for the occupied peninsula, which Russia illegally invaded and annexed in 2014.
This year, Russia has fared better in defending its captured territory and it has inflicted large casualties on the Ukrainian side while taking significant losses of its own.
Ukraine has made some progress in recent weeks, claiming to take control of the village of Robotyne. But the operation has been slow, and Russian forces simultaneously are fighting to retake occupied territory they lost last year in the northeast.
In recent weeks, the U.S. intelligence community has assessed that Kyiv will fail to achieve a key goal of the offensive, retaking the southeastern city of Melitopol, an important transit hub that Moscow has turned into the occupied regional capital of Zaporizhzhia, one of four Ukrainian regions that Russian President Vladimir Putin has declared — illegally — to be annexed to Russia.
Privately, senior U.S. officials say Kyiv strayed from Washington’s guidance to concentrate a large mass of forces on a single breakthrough point rather than surging along multiple axes. Ukraine has pushed back on second-guessing about its strategy in the counteroffensive, insisting that it knows the war better and noting that it needs ammunition, not advice.
Kharkiv’s subways are now classrooms as school starts under Russian attacks
Blinken, however, has consistently sought to broadcast an upbeat assessment of Ukraine’s efforts, noting this summer that Kyiv has recaptured 50 percent of the territory Russia initially seized since its full-scale invasion.
On Wednesday, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov used the U.S. Secretary of State’s visit to repeat Russia’s position that Western aid to Ukraine is futile and only will only cause more deaths by prolonging the war.
“We have repeatedly heard statements that they are going to continue to help Kyiv as long as it takes,” Peskov told journalists in his daily briefing. “In other words, they are going to continue to keep Ukraine in a state of war and to wage this war to the last Ukrainian, sparing no expense.”
In recent months, the Kremlin repeatedly has blamed the West for Russia’s invasion, which has been condemned by an overwhelming majority in the United Nations General Assembly. Putin is also facing an arrest warrant from the International Criminal Court in The Hague for alleged war crimes.
As they traveled to Kyiv, Blinken’s aides were reluctant to provide an overall assessment on the offensive, saying part of the reason for the trip was to hear from Ukrainian officials about the latest state of play. “We’ll have more to say about that on the back end,” a senior State Department official told reporters traveling with the secretary, according to a readout of the conversation.
“Ukrainian forces have made some impressive advances in the south in particular, but also in the east in recent days and weeks. But I think what’s most important is that we get a real assessment from the Ukrainians themselves,” said the official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss sensitive military matters.
Another reason for the trip is the upcoming gathering of world leaders at the U.N. General Assembly in New York this month, Blinken’s aides said.
“The Ukrainians have an important mission in New York to continue to explain, to their allies and partners around the world, what’s going on and their continued need for support,” the senior official said. “It’s important for us to continue to lead that global effort to support them. And so having a chance to consult and align before we get to New York is very, very important.”
Blinken’s public remarks in Ukraine will be closely watched by congressional Republicans who are weighing the Biden administration’s request for more than $20 billion in security, economic and humanitarian aid to Ukraine.
“I urge Congress to pass this,” Blinken told reporters last month. “Our effort and resources, and those of allies and partners around the world, have enabled Ukrainians to fight for their lives, for their freedom, for their future.”
Since the start of the war, the Biden administration and Congress have directed more than $75 billion in aid to Ukraine, according to the Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
Hudson reported from Washington.